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Wednesday, June 26, 2013

More example of Discrepancies.

The Bible 
by Rev. Fr. K.K. John
Source -

More example of Discrepancies.

Cain asks God, “That everyone that findeth me shall slay me.” The way origin is narrated, we are led to think that Adam and Eve were the first human beings and Cain and Abel were their only children. Cain killed Abel and Cain is now sole survivor other than his parents. 

God pronounced judgment without knowledge of his parents. Cain is right away subjected to God’s punishment. In this situation what is the reverence of fear so as to prompt such a question? Again, God assures him that “Whoever slayeth Cain, vengeance shall be taken on him sevenfold.” Who is ‘everyone’ mentioned here? Cain proceeded from there and dwelt in the land of Nod and “Cain knew his wife.” He also built a city. Where and how did Cain get a wife? and what kind of city he could build in the given situation? All these point to endless questions about the origin.

Different descriptions are seen about genealogy, Noah and the flood etc, 2 Samuel 24:22-24 says: “...So David bought the threshing floor and the oxen for fifty shekels of Silver.” The same incident is recorded in 1 Chr.21: 25, “So David gave to Ornan for the place six hundred shekels of gold by weight.” In the first narration the seller is ‘Aranuah’ but in the second the seller is ‘Ornan’ and the price amount and kind are remarkably different, say, fifty shekels of silver in the first place and six hundred shekels of gold by weight in the second place. There is no mention of buying oxen in the second reference.

As for the New Testament, Gospels are not written the same way. While St. Matthew starts the genealogy from Abraham to Jesus, St. Luke starts the genealogy from Jesus back to Adam. St. Matthew, in arranging 14 generations each from Abraham to David, David to Babylonian captivity, and from Babylonian captivity to Jesus has omitted some names. (New Testament commentary of Orthodox seminary, Kottayam page 18) St. Mark does not seem to be concerned about the birth or genealogy and goes straight into the public ministry. St. John elevates the reader to an entirely high plane and goes even back to creation.

The very presentations of Jesus’ public ministry, manifestations, passion, details of crucifixion, resurrection, appearances after resurrection, ascension etc. are depicted differently by different authors. St. Matthew quotes from the Old Testament forty times to assert that Jesus was the fulfillment of old prophesies. Other gospel-authors do not seem to be very curious about this aspect. 

The word, ‘ecclesia’ (church) is found only in the Gospel of Matthew (Matt. 16:18 and 18:17). Describing the miracle of turning water into wine at the marriage in Cana of Galilee, St. John says, it was the first and conspicuous miracle of Jesus (John 2:11). No other gospel records it. The parable of Good Samaritan is found only in Gospel of St Luke (10:30-37). Jesus uttered seven verses on the Cross-, but none of the gospels give full account and we have to collect them from all the gospels. Thus the list of differences in presentations goes on and on

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